So what’s the most serious or in other words, the biggest problem in the world today? Any idea? Well, if you ask this question to random people on streets, you’re most likely to get a bunch of diverse answers.
No doubt, our world has gone through several disasters over the past decades. Even today, we have some serious and severe problems that have been subjected to raise huge global issues. According to the Global Risks 2014 report, the world is risked critically under 5 classifications – environmental, economic, societal, geopolitical and technological. These problems are global in nature and they hold a strong potential to cause powerful negative impacts across the entire world.
With continuous economic crisis on one hand, the world has also been bashed by terrorism like never before. Several people are losing their life everyday due to terrorist attacks. According to START – one of the world’s leading terrorism-trackers, there has been a substantial 69% rise in attacks and an 89% jump in fatalities from 2011. However, that’s not everything at all. Our world does have a lot of more problems coming on the scene everyday. Listverse presents you the top 10 list of most contemporary and serious problems in the world at the present time.
- Drug abuse
A large number of youths are prone to drug abuse. Peer pressure, family issues or an urge to experience a thrill are few of the reasons for the increase of this bad habit. People don’t realize why or how many youths develop an addiction to drugs. It is usually believed that drug addicts don’t have any ethical standards or self-control. The truth is, drug addiction is actually a frustrating disease, and giving it up can take much more than good motives or even an intense willpower.
Believe it or not, drugs affect your brain in such a way that instills compulsive drug use, as a result walking away from it is not easy, even for people who are completely ready to give up the addiction. With scientific breakthroughs, we all know more details on how drugs influence the brain, and we likewise are aware that drug abuse could be effectively handled to help individuals give up misusing drugs and lead a prosperous life.
- Refugee problems
As per UNHCR, there were around 10.4 million people in 2013 who were forced to flee from their nation to another location. A person’s racial background, political opinion, religious views and many other reasons forces them to seek livelihood in other nations making it a huge issue faced by the world today.
There’s no any system to protect refugees. From Istanbul’s freezing cities to the European Union’s intensely fortified wall structures and from South Sudan’s massive camps to Australia; refugees are having a really bad time all over the world for decades.
Across the world, 19.5 million people have already been compelled to look for refuge away from home. It is the responsibility of the governing bodies to support them. However, most of the prosperous nations continue to treat refugees as somebody else’s concern. Trying to hide behind sealed borders, they fear and worry of getting “flooded” by innocent people. And by overlooking the majority of speaks for humanitarian relief, they have gone so penniless they are not able to even provide for a few refugees effectively any further.
The situation has to improve now. Organizations like Amnesty International is placing forward several possible solutions for how the leaders of the world – specifically from the wealthiest nations – can begin dealing with this monolithic humanitarian problem together.
- Political and social instability
Many countries are experiencing significant problems of trust and mutual obligations between states and citizens. This has resulted in state collapse, internal violence, regional instability and military conflicts. The possibility that a nation will be affected from different types of political instability springs up dramatically when economic process is slow-moving.
Several nations are having major problems of trust and shared responsibilities between government and people. It has brought about state failure, in-house physical violence, territorial instability and militaristic clashes. The interrelated issues may result in disturbance in government functions and in acute situations, the breakdown of businesses entirely, where the state and people are compelled to leave their homelands because of political violence.
The difficulties of dealing with a fruitful procedure to maintain social and political stability in countries can be hugely challenging. Opportunities and judgements in creating a consistent process demand positive planning and involvement so that the dangers and consequence of disruption perpetrated by social and political disorder are handled and decreased to a minimum.
- Spread of infectious diseases
People nowadays are much terrified of epidemic diseases. They fear that such diseases would wipe out the mankind in the coming future. Infectious diseases like AIDS, yellow fever, EBOLA have been causing millions of deaths globally each year. Disease breakouts are very uncommon and, every time they take place, they tend to be exaggerated. In the last few years, we have seen a great deal of handwringing and fretting over swine flu, bird flu and various health problems. A disease break-out takes place when a disease does occur in higher volumes than predicted in an area in a time period. A break out could happen in just one place or even grow to many nations. It is able to continue from weeks to many years. At times just a single instance of a transmittable disease is widely seen as a break-out. This could be true if it’s a mysterious disease to a community.
- Climatic change
Human activities like fossil fuels combustion and greenhouse effects are some reasons for climate change. The climate change can lead to melting of mountains, rise in sea level and increase in world temperature eventually making it difficult for all the living beings in the planet to survive. Findings across the world show that global climate change is happening, and strenuous scientific research illustrates that the greenhouse gases released from human actions are actually the main factor.
Several scientific studies released in peer-reviewed scientific journals reveal that 97% or even more of climate scientists accept: Climate-warming tendencies within the last few centuries are quite likely because of human actions. Furthermore, a good many top scientific institutions all over the world have given public comments promoting this situation. If it’s not now, it’s never. Top leaders worldwide need to be conscious about this for real..
- War and terrorism
Over the years, different types of wars like civil wars, cold wars, identity wars have been ruining human civilization. People still live in terror in most of the Islamic countries where freedom have been totally ditched. Following the terrorist attacks of 9/11, the Bush government had announced a global “war on terror,” relating to open and secret militaristic activities, unique security statute law, all to bar the funding of terrorism, and much more. Washington needed various other states to participate in fighting against terrorism. Most governing bodies joined up with this effort, typically following tough new laws and regulations, working out with very long legal securities and upgrading local monitoring and intelligence network. Despite all of those efforts, terrorism still is one of the growing problems in the world today.
- Unequal distribution of financial resources
Severe income disparity is amongst the most worrying issues in today’s time. The disproportionate distribution of income affects the whole economy of a nation. Similarly, the financial crisis has led in disparities in developed as well as developing nations. Probably one of the most dramatic illustrations of the unequal distribution of resources in the world is the presence of continuous starvation in many African nations. Particularly for small children, starvation is usually fatal and leads to dangerous outcomes. In and of itself, amongst the millennium growth targets is to cut back extreme and temperate malnourishment by half among the children that are younger than 5 years old. If only the leaders of the world made an effort to balance the distribution of financial resources, the world would be a much better place to live in.
- High unemployment or underemployment
Unemployment is one of the biggest crises the world is facing today. According to ILO, there were around 73 billion jobless people in the world in 2014. The problem of unemployment is not only limited to third world countries. People even in advanced and emerging countries are struggling to find job today.
It is almost impractical to grab the vitality or fragility of something as baffling as the U.S. market. However, the lackluster financial performance of the country still is a matter of big concern. The higher unemployment rates are evident from the studies in the past couple of years. There’s yet another indicator, that could be even more crucial – underemployment. The essential difference in unemployment and underemployment comes up placing two groups together: part-time schedule workers and marginally hooked workers. For several economic reasons, high unemployment and underemployment are the biggest challenges across the world today.
- Population growth
Global human population growth amounts to approximately 75 million annually making population growth one of the most severe problems in the world. With growing population, the world has to suffer from other bigger issues like unemployment, poverty and shortage of natural resources.
Over the past fifty years, world population has increased a lot quicker than ever, and more instantly than it’s estimated to increase in the coming years. Our world had 2.5 billion people in 1950, while in 2005, the world had 6.5 billion people. At this rate, by 2050, the number would go up to over 9 billion.
We are already facing the scarcity of resources now – if the population goes up at the same rate, our future generations have no any option but to suffer.
- Poverty, hunger and water crisis
Poverty, hunger and lack of pure drinking water represent the biggest threat facing the world today. Approximately 1.29 billion people in the world are living in absolute poverty. Similarly, there are lots of people who are forced to drink contaminated water in order to relieve their hunger.
Alleviating starvation from the world has to start with the accessibility of clean drinking water. It might appear to be pretty easy, but we overlook the fact that with no access to a dependable source of water, foods are challenging to grow and much more hard to conserve and cook.
It usually takes a lot of water to cultivate food. We make use of 70% of water for farming and irrigation, while merely 10% is used in domestic purposes.
Hotels, restaurants, and shopping malls have to maintain cleanliness to appeal to the visitors and foreign investors. Business firms, manufacturing activities and mining procedures similarly need lots of water to survive. sssScarcity of water thus means chronic poverty and no any financial activity.
These are just a few of those countless problems that the world is facing today. The world should unite to solve these problems instantly. Awareness campaigns could be one of the best solutions to help reduce such major problems in the fast-track world today. At the same time, we can conduct national and international level projects in order to make the world a good place to live in.