We are familar with fact that the surface of the earth is covered by more than 70% of water. With five oceans: Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic and the Southern ocean and around 85 Seas in the world, its water volume is estimated to be 0.3 billion cubic miles with an average depth of 3,682.2 meters. A sea is considered as a small area of ocean bounded by land geographically. The geographers have divided sea into two kinds: Marginal Sea, which is partly surrounded by land and Mediterranean Sea, mostly surrounded by land. A top 10 list of the largest seas has been prepared based on their area coverage and geography.
10.The Bay of Bengal
The Bay of Bengal is the largest bay in the world with an area coverage of 2,172,000 sq.km. It is a triangular shaped gulf in the northeastern part of the Indian Ocean. It is mostly bordered by Eastern Coast of India, Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands on the east Sri Lanka on the west, and Bangladesh on the north. There are several rivers that flow into this sea including the Holy Ganges, Hooghly, Padma and Brahmaputra to name a few. It also encloses some of the biggest ports in the world like Chennai in India and Chittagong in Bangladesh.
9.The Bering Sea
The Bering Sea is a marginal sea of the Pacific Ocean that is separated from the Gulf of Alaska by the Alaska Peninsula. It covers an area of 2,291,900 sq.km and was explored by Vitus Bering in 1728 while sailing from the Pacific Ocean to the Arctic Ocean. It is bordered by Alaska on the east and north east, Russia’s Siberia and Kamchatka on the west, Alaska Peninsula and Aleutian Islands on the south and the Bering Strait on the far north which connects the Bering Sea to the Chukchi Sea of the Arctic Ocean. With good weather, water current and sea ice, it holds a good environment for many different kinds of marine life.
The Tasman Sea is a southwesterly marginal sea that is a part of the South Pacific Ocean between New Zealand and Australia. It is also called as Te Tai-o-Rehua in Maori and covers an area of 2,330,000sq.km. This sea was named after a Dutch Explorer called Abel Janszoon Tasman. There are many beautiful islands that are a part of this sea like the Norfolk Island and the Lord Howe Island. The Tasman Sea is also famous in the voyage of Captain James Cook in the 1770s.
The Mediterranean Sea is considered as a part of the Atlantic Ocean. It covers an area of 2,500,000 sq.km with an average depth of 1,500 m and is also called as the Eura-african Mediterranean Sea to differentiate from other Mediterranean seas. This sea is mostly enclosed by land with Anatolia and Europe on the north, North Africa on the south and Levant on the east. It is quite a large with that is connected to about 60 countries in its basins. In the ancient times, this sea was an important route for merchants and explorers for cultural and trade exchange.
The Caribbean Sea is a part of the Atlantic Ocean that lies in the tropics of the Western Hemisphere. It covers an area of 2,754,000 sq.km with the deepest point in Cayman Trough, between Cayman Islands and Jamaica at 7,686 m below sea level. It is bounded by Greater Antilles on the north, Lesser Antilles on the east, South America on the south and Central America on the west. There are many islands and coasts in this area along with gulfs and bays like the Gulf of Paria, Gulf of Venezuela, Gulf of Honduras and Gulf of Mosquitos to name a few.
The Weddell Sea is a part of the Southern Ocean and contains the Weddell Gyre. Even though this sea has the cleanest water on earth it is considered as the most depressing and hazardous region on earth. It covers an area of 2,800,000 sq.km and is 2000 km wide. Its land boundaries include the Antarctic Peninsula and the Coasts Land. This sea was named after James Weddell, a Scottish sailor in 1823. As it lies in the colder region, the sea is mainly covered in ice. In Weddell Geography Animals like penguins, killer whales and leopard seals are found in plenty attracting many wildlife photographers.
4.South China Sea
The South China Sea is a marginal sea that is a part of the Pacific Ocean. It covers an area of 3,500,000 sq.km bordered by the main lands of China and islands of Taiwan in the south, Vietnam in the east, Indonesia in the north, Philippines in the west and Malaysia and Brunei in the north west. This sea is considered as one of the main shipping transitions with huge oil and gas reserves under its seabed.
The original name of the Arabian Sea was the Sindhu Sagar or the Erythranean Sea and is a part of the Indian Ocean. It covers an area of 3,862,000 sq.km with 2,400 km wide and 4,652 m deep. It is bounded by Arabian Peninsula on the west, India on the east, Pakistan and Iran on the north and Somalia on the northeastern region. It is considered as a major marine trade route and consists of some of the famous beaches in India like Colva beach and Koyalam Beach.
The Coral Sea is a marginal sea that lies in the northeast coast of Australia. It covers an area of 4,791,000 sq.km. It is bounded by the Queensland in the west, Vanuatu and New Caledonia in the east and the Solomon Islands in the south. It includes the Great Barrier Reef and Gulf of Papua. This sea holds many popular beaches and is a common choice for travelers and tourists to enjoy a warm and stable climate.
The Philippine Sea is a marginal sea that is a part of the North Pacific Ocean and covers an area of 5,177,562 sq.km. It is bordered by the Philippine Archipelago on the south west, Marianas on the east, Carolines on the southeast, Taiwan on the west and Japan on the north. This sea holds Philippine Trench and the Mariana Trench that are some of the deepest trenches in the world. It has a vast diversity in marine life with more than 500 species of coral, varieties of snakes, sharks, turtles, octopuses and tuna.
These are the top 10 largest seas in the world that support the water ecosystem and different kinds of marine life. Also, there are several trading routes and ports that are present in the sea along with islands, beaches and archipelagos that help attract tourists from all around the world.